The compounding concept is hypothetical and for illustrative purposes only and is not intended to represent performance of any specific investment, which may fluctuate. No taxes are considered in the calculations; generally withdrawals are taxable at ordinary rates. It is possible to lose money by investing in securities.

Amounts withdrawn before age 59 may be subject to a 10% federal income tax penalty, applicable taxes and plan restrictions. Withdrawals are generally taxed at ordinary income tax rates.

Any Social Security benefit calculations are assumed to be for single life.